STUDIES & EXPERT OPINION

Immunity strengthening complexes containing optimum doses of minerals/vitamins to be used at least six months.

Does supplementing with a mineral and vitamin complex affect the immune response and susceptibility to infection, and if so – how?

This was the topic of a year-long study involving practically healthy subjects aged 50-65. Regardless of whether the subject had a nutrient deficiency, by supplementing a small dose of micronutrients (equal to 100% of a daily dose) their number of sick days was reduced, as was the susceptibility to respiratory infections, antibiotics had to be used less frequently, and improved effectiveness of flu vaccinations was also observed. The number of immune cells also increased significantly and this increase was most distinct with the subjects who had initially been found to have a deficiency of one or more nutrients. Furthermore, the researchers found that in order to alleviate deficiencies, there is no need to take a mega dose, as it is sufficient to take 100% of the recommended daily dose of micronutrients. The subjects of the study, who had initially been found to have a deficiency of one or more nutrients (43.2% of all subjects), no longer displayed signs of the deficiencies after six months of supplementing with a 100% RDD of multivitamins. In turn, overly large doses of micronutrients deplete immunity1

1 Chandra RK.Nutrition and the immune system from birth to old age.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug;56 Suppl 3:S73-6.

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Zinc, vitamin C and iron – the three most frequent deficiencies!

35% of Europeans over the age of 50 have a deficiency of one or more immunity supporting micronutrients.

A fifth of healthy people in this age group have been found to be deficient in zinc, vitamin C and/or iron. Insufficient levels of vitamins D3, B12 and E, as well as beta-carotene have also been observed1. Ingesting additional micronutrients through dietary supplements has been found to be the best method of strengthening the body’s defences2.

1 Chandra RK.Nutrition and the immune system from birth to old age.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug;56 Suppl 3:S73-6.

2 Chandra RK (1997): Graying of immune system. Can nutrient supplements improve immunity in the elderly? J. Am. Med. Assoc. 227, 1398 – 1399.

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Echinacea Purpurea, vitamin C, zinc and selenium complex for healthy lungs.

The benefits provided by Echinacea Purpurea combined with vitamin C, zinc and selenium are especially important for older people, for whom an upper respiratory infection can lead to a serious lung condition – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

COPD is the 4th most widespread cause of death in the world for people over 45, and it is the only disease for which mortality is increasing. It is forecasted that by 2020, incidence of COPD will rank 5th, surpassing all other respiratory diseases. Using Echinacea in combination with vitamin C, zinc and selenium (rather than pure extract of Echinacea Purpurea) significantly alleviated exacerbations of COPD following upper respiratory infections1. The study involved 108 male subjects aged 40-81 (average age – 65.8). In order to assess effectiveness, the supplement was taken for 14 days, and at the same time the subjects also continued to take the traditional ciprofloxacin for 7 days. No interaction between the two substances was observed. 

1 Isbaniah F, Wiyono WH, Yunus F, Setiawati A, Totzke U, Verbruggen MA.Echinacea purpurea along with zinc, selenium and vitamin C to alleviate exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: results from a randomized controlled trial.J Clin Pharm Ther. 2011 Oct;36(5):568-76.

 
 

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Vitamin C as “medication” for a cold? Effectiveness depends on long-term use.

The role of vitamin C in preventing and treating colds has been a cause of disagreement for 70 years already.

Does vitamin C reduce the risk of catching a cold, the duration of a cold or severity of symptoms? When is it most effective – when used continuously or upon appearance of the first symptoms? In order to find the answers to these questions, a summary of 93 studies involving a total of 11 306 subjects was made1. The range of subjects included people under extreme conditions – marathon runners, skiers and soldiers (n=598). The data analysis also took into account studies where the administered dose of vitamin C was equal to or greater than 200 mg per day. In the groups taking vitamin C regularly, the number of sick days was on average 8% lower for adults (3-12%) and 14% for children (7-21%). Regular use of vitamin C also reduces the severity of cold symptoms. Furthermore, supplementing vitamin C is recommended for people temporarily subject to intense physical activity. In turn, taking vitamin C “at the last minute”, when the first symptoms of a cold have already appeared, has no effect whatsoever. Taking vitamin C after the appearance of cold symptoms does not reduce the duration, nor the severity of the cold. However, researchers conclude that given the consistent effect of vitamin C on the duration and severity of colds in the regular supplementation studies, and the low cost and safety, it may be worthwhile for common cold patients to test on an individual basis whether therapeutic vitamin C is beneficial for them.

1 Hemilä H, Chalker E. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD000980.

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Vitamin D3 – against cough, runny nose and sneezing

It is a logical scientific conclusion that in winter people with depleted vitamin D levels fall ill more often.

Vitamin D activates and boosts the activity of various immune cells123 and it is necessary for the formation of antimicrobial substances (alpha- and beta-defensin) in saliva, tears and sweat.

For example, a 6-month study was performed involving 800 young Finnish males, counting the number of days they missed work due to illness caused by an upper respiratory infection. The men whose level of vitamin D was lower than 16 ng/ml (the recommended norm is at least 30 ng/ml), were ill and missed work significantly more often. Smokers especially need to consider supplementing vitamin D3, as they tend to display significantly lower levels of the vitamin as compared to non-smokers4.

1 Peelen E. et al. Effects of vitamin D on the peripheral adaptive immune system: a review. Autoimmun Rev. 2011; 10(12):733-743.

2 Prietl B.et al. Vitamin D and immune function. Nutrients. 2013; 5(7):2502-2521.

3 Veldman CMet al. Expression of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) receptor in the immune system.Arch Biochem Biophys. 2000 Feb 15;374(2):334-8.

4 Laaksi I. et al. An association of serum vitamin D concentrations below 40 nmol/L with acute respiratory tract infection in young Finnish men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007; 86(3):714–717.

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Vitamin C in combination with Echinacea Purpurea – better for preventing and treating the common cold.

The chemical formula of synthetic vitamin C and natural vitamin C found in fruits and vegetables is identical.

However, fruits and vegetables are rich in micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), fibres and biologically active compounds (such as bioflavonoids), which improve the body’s ability to efficiently absorb vitamin C1. A study involving 430 children showed that administering a combination of Echinacea (50 mg/ml), vitamin C (10 mg/ml) and propolis (50 mg/ml) significantly reduced the incidence and duration of upper respiratory infections2. The study, which was performed over the duration of 12 weeks in winter, involved children aged 1-5. The group taking vitamin C together with biologically active compounds from Echinacea and propolis, had 55% lower incidence of disease compared to the placebo group (138 episodes in the substance group/308 in the placebo group). On the individual level incidence was also by 50% lower (on average 0.9 times over 12 weeks/1.8 times for placebo group), and the number of sick days was 62% lower (on average 2.1 day/5.4 days for placebo group).

1 Anitra C. Carr*, Margreet C. M. Vissers. Synthetic or Food-Derived Vitamin C—Are They Equally Bioavailable?Nutrients. 2013 Nov; 5(11): 4284–4304.

2 Cohen HA1, Varsano I, Kahan E, Sarrell EM, Uziel Y. Effectiveness of an herbal preparation containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C in preventing respiratory tract infections in children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Mar;158(3):217-21.

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Lower risk of flue for schoolchildren supplementing vitamin D3.

The link between susceptibility to seasonal diseases in winter and low levels of vitamin D has also been proven in a study about the flu.

The group of schoolchildren taking vitamin D3 (30 micrograms per day from December to March) caught the flu by 8% less than the placebo group. Vitamin D3 provided special protection from the flu for children who had previously never supplemented this vitamin. Another significant observation was that for asthmatic children the number of asthma attacks caused by the flu was significantly reduced while supplementing this vitamin1

1Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren.Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 May

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People using Echinacea Purpurea catch colds less frequently and are ill for shorter periods.

Adults catch cold 2-4 times a year, while children experience 6-10 episodes per year.

For example, in the USA 30% of absences at school and 40% of absences at work are due to having a cough and runny nose. Echinacea is one of the most widely used plant products for reducing cold symptoms. How justified is this? Does Echinacea work for all of the nearly 200 different viruses that cause the common cold? A summary of 14 unique studies concluded that Echinacea is indeed effective in treating and preventing colds. However, it is currently still unclear which component of the Echinacea extract or a combination thereof (the main compounds are alkamides, caffeic acid and polysaccharides) provides the immune modulation effect. Regardless of all the possible factors that can impact the effectiveness of Echinacea (species, amount of active substance in the product and quality of the product), Echinacea still reduces the incidence, i.e. frequency and duration, of the common cold. People who take Echinacea catch colds an average of 65% less often than the placebo groups. Likewise, people taking Echinacea are ill for shorter periods, recovering an average of 1.4 days quicker – according to analysis of the results of 14 respectable studies. In case of cold, it is essential to begin using Echinacea Purpurea as soon as possible, as it will reduce the duration of the disease and the severity of the symptoms1.

1 Linde K1, Barrett B, Wölkart K, Bauer R, Melchart D.Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD000530

 

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Look for Echinacea Purpurea in products! Other species of Echinacea are not effective.

Two species of Echinacea were included in an overview of effectiveness of various substances in preventing and treating colds1.

Analysis of data from 60 studies measuring the effectiveness of Echinacea on the frequency and severity of cold symptoms, so far suggests that only products containing Echinacea Purpurea are promising2.  Echinacea Angustifolia root extract, which is also widely used in products intended to prevent colds, is not effective against nasal viruses. It does not reduce the frequency of contracting nasal viruses (rhinovirus type 39) and the severity of its symptoms3.

It is possible that other species of Echinacea may be used for preventive purposes, however their effectiveness is yet to be proven by independent studies2.

1 JULIA FASHNER, MD; KEVIN ERICSON, MD; SARAH WERNER, DO.Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Jul 15;86(2):153-159

2 Linde K1, Barrett B, Wölkart K, Bauer R, Melchart D.Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD000530

3 Turner RB, Bauer R, Woelkart K, Hulsey TC, Gangemi JD. An evaluation of Echinacea angustifolia in experimental rhinovirus infections. N Engl J Med. 2005 Jul 28;353(4):341-8.

 

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What to take into consideration when choosing a vitamin complex?

Taking additional minerals and vitamins through dietary supplements is part of the foundations of a healthy diet, right? It may not actually be the case. The highly acclaimed Annals of Internal Medicine has called multivitamins a waste of money that does not provide the promised health benefits. At the same time, it has also indicated that unfortunately the people who most need additional vitamins and minerals usually do not take them and therefore their quality of life suffers.

A word of defence for the daily diet

If your daily diet is balanced with a variety of fruits, vegetable, dairy, meat or fish, wholegrains and legumes, then there is no need for supplementing multivitamins. In such cases the additional pill may even become harmful! Even though varied produce are available year-round, 35% of Europeans over the age of 50 suffer from a deficiency of one or more nutrients (1). People lack the skill and time to create a balanced diet for themselves, and products produced by big manufacturers contain less vitamins and minerals. (2)

When are dietary supplements beneficial?

A couple of simple tests can reveal whether your levels of vitamin D, B12 and iron are sufficient. People suffering from chronic disease (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, allergies), picky eaters or long-term dieters, the overweight, as well as chronic alcoholics are 100% sure to have micronutrient deficiencies. Furthermore, taking multivitamins can improve wellness for people over the age of 50, people under major physical or mental stress, children with low birth-weight (< 2.5 kg at birth regardless of gestational age), pregnant women and nursing mothers. 

Vitamins are substances that make you ill if you do not eat them

If your diet does not provide all the necessary nutrients or if your body uses more than nature has intended, it is best to take a multivitamin product, however supplementing your diet with just a single vitamin or mineral is not recommended. In order for supplemented vitamins and minerals to be effective, they need to be taken together, and the amount and proportions included in the formula are paramount! Supplementing a single vitamin for long periods can cause problems and offset the balance in the body. For example, too much iron can cause stomach-aches, while too much magnesium can lead to diarrhoea. An exception to the rule is vitamin D3 and omega 3 fatty acids, which may and are actually recommended to be taken separately. 

How to choose the right product?

Many manufacturers use the cheapest ingredients that may contain harmful additives or which may not be absorbed by the body. A mark of quality is the country of origin. Scandinavia, France, Switzerland produce ingredients in compliance with European standards, although the price of these products is higher. Read the label! Look for natural ingredients. Suitable products are those that do not contain overly large doses of micronutrients, as these have the exact opposite effect and suppress the body’s defences. Mega doses are doses that are at least 3 times higher than the recommended daily dose – such products do not promote health.

LYL immunUP®

LYL immunUP® contains 7 plant extracts, 6 vitamins and 4 minerals that are all needed for metabolism, the immune system, fertility, energy, steady nerves, vision, bones, teeth, thyroid, respiratory tract, skin, hormonal balance and healthy blood. It contains vitamins D3, B6, B9, B12 and natural vitamin C from acerola cherries, zinc, copper, selenium and iron, as well as extracts of linden, garlic, acerola cherries, Echinacea, rosemary, turmeric and ginger.

The substances contained in LYL immunUP are packaged in plant-based capsules, they do not contain preservatives and plastificators, they dissolve completely and quickly thus ensuring rapid efficacy of the substances and their therapeutic properties. Made in France!

 

1. Nutrition and the immune system from birth to old age. Eur J Clin Nutr.2002

2. Is antioxidant plasma status in humans a consequence of the antioxidant food content influence? Eur Rev Med Pahrmacol Sci. 2007 May-Jun;11(3):185-92.

 

 

 

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Nutrients that immunity would be ready to give “half its kingdom” for!

Meditate for 20 minutes twice a day, exercise at least 30 minutes a day, avoid processed food, eat organic fruits and vegetables, spend more time outdoors and less inside, get enough sleep, don’t stress about things you can’t control, don’t argue, throw away your TV – these are the 9 main necessities for your immunity. And that includes your diet! Do you know what to eat for your immunity?

Nutrients for immunity

First of all, immunity requires calories! That is why low-calorie diets weaken the immune system from day 1. Another important nutrient is protein. Omitting lean meats, fish and dairy from the diet is also a blow to immunity. The effect of vitamins and minerals on the immune system was best described by a Nobel laureate – they are substances that make you ill if you don’t eat them! They may be tiny in terms of amounts, but they ensure proper functioning of the three main levels of the immune system – the defence abilities of the skin and mucous membranes, cellular immunity and the ability of immune cells to produce antibodies (1). A balanced immune system needs optimum doses of vitamins D, A, C, B6, folic acid and B12, as well as 4 minerals – selenium, zinc, iron and copper – throughout the year (2).

Immunity works in all seasons!

Only a slight deficiency of a single nutrient already weakens your immunity (3), therefore it is important to ingest all of these nutrients daily. It is a mistake to assume that immunity is important only in winter! Immunity works 24/7 throughout the year. If it is not up to its task, you feel it right away – skin health is affected (psoriasis is a result of immune misbalance), malignant tumours develop, hair and nails become fragile, cold sores appear. “People are rarely aware that all of these things point to weak immunity just as much as the common cold,” says immunologist Lauris Līcītis and goes on to emphasise that these ailments can affect you at any time of year, because “viral and bacterial diseases are no longer seasonal. Viruses loves us year-round! Even in nice and sunny weather when immunity is damaged by UV rays.”

Why does the immune system go hungry?

Immunologist Lauris Līcītis urges us to think a little about the quality of modern products and consider supplementing additional nutrients: “With the development of urbanisation, the amount of valuable nutrients in natural produce is falling catastrophically. You cannot eat the amount of apples or carrots necessary to obtain sufficient amounts of nutrients.” Even though products rich in all necessary micronutrients are available year-round, 35% of Europeans over the age of 50 suffer from a deficiency of one or more micronutrients needed for immunity! The immune response is significantly improved by supplementing a small dose of micronutrients (4).

LYL immunUP® - is the strongest support for your immunity available in Latvia.

LYL immunUP® is a unique combination of nutrients for immune vitality and reducing fatigue! The formula has been designed by Latvian specialists who have taken into consideration all the most typical challenges to the immune system for people living here. LYL immunUP is completely immune-oriented – it contains 100% natural vitamin C from acerola cherries, vitamins D3, A, B6, folic acid and B12; minerals – zinc, copper, selenium and iron. It also contains extracts of Echinacea, linden, garlic, ginger, rosemary and turmeric. These provide the body with increased defences.

Linda Šleziņa, certified nutritionist and Mg.sc.sal. in nutrition, notes: “You don’t need the whole periodic table for immunity. LYL immunUP® contains only the nutrients that studies have shown to be directly linked with the immune system. Another characteristic that differentiates LYL immunUP® is the fact that it contains the optimum dose of micronutrients for alleviating deficiencies, whilst not suppressing the immune system (5). Similar immunity boosting products contain nutrients that the immune system does not need, and furthermore they contain mega doses causing unnecessary strain on the body. Thirdly, LYL immunUP® contains natural vitamin C from acerola cherries, and a significant amount of vitamin D3, unlike many other products that tend to overlook D3. Furthermore, the well-known fact that ingredients are never isolated in products and are always part of a complex has been taken into account, therefore the LYL immunUP formula contains various natural plant extracts.”

The vitamins, minerals and plant extracts included in the LYL immunUP® formula cover such a broad field of responsibility, that LYL immunUP not only improves the functioning of the immune system, but also promotes the health of the nervous system, vision, bones and teeth, skin, hair and nails, cognitive and psychological function, as well as reproductive health.

 

1. Selected vitamins and trace elements support immune function by strengthening epithelial barriers and cellular and humoral immune responses.Br J Nutr. 2007 Oct

2. ES Regula Nr. 432/2012 (2012. gada 16.maijs)

3. Chandra RK. Nutrition and the immune system from birth to old age. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug;56 Suppl 3:S73-6.

4. Nutrition and the immune system from birth to old age. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug

5. Exercise, nutrition and immune function. J Sports Sci. 2004 Jan

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Components against 200 viruses!

Adults catch cold 2-4 times a year, while children experience 6-10 episodes per year. Approximately 30% of absences at school and 40% of absences at work are due to having a cough and runny nose. What causes the common cold? One of about 200 known viruses, usually – the rhinovirus.

Where are viruses found?

Viruses can be contracted by touching contaminated surfaces, such as door handles, keyboards, money, and afterwards touching the hand to the mouth or nose. That is precisely why washing your hands with soap and carefully drying them afterwards is one of the most efficient methods of avoiding cold viruses throughout the year. Another typical means of contracting viruses is being in close proximity to an infected individual who is spreading the virus through airborne particles, especially when sneezing or coughing. The virus attaches itself to the mucous membranes in the nose or throat, and the body begins to fight it.

Do the same measures help with treatment and prevention?

Usually when virus season begins, people have two questions. How to best avoid falling ill and how to alleviate symptoms and recover quicker in case you have caught a cold? Antibiotics do not help, because a cold is usually caused by a virus.

The new dietary supplement LYL immunUP® is the only product in Latvia combining 17 immunity-boosting compounds of 7 plant extracts, 6 vitamins and 4 minerals for acute, as well as long-term support for the immune system. Extracts of linden, garlic, acerola cherries, Echinacea, rosemary, turmeric and ginger, vitamins D3, B6, B9, B12 and natural vitamin C, zinc, copper, selenium and iron – theses 17 active compounds reduce the risk of catching a cold, and, at the first symptoms of a cold, help the body in dealing with the virus easier and faster. LYL immunUP® contains compounds that will protect the body against almost 200 different viruses!

Echinacea – only together with vitamin C!

The prophylactic benefits and acute effects of each of the substances contained in LYL immunUP® has been proven by large scale studies. Rosemary extract improves respiratory health (1). After using ginger extract, the upper respiratory tract produces more interferon, which is a protein with antiviral properties (2). Ginger promotes sweating, while sweat contains dermcidin, a substance discovered by German scientists, that protects against infections (3). Linden extract contains bioflavonoids, including quercetin, kaempferol, tiliroside, which are beneficial for the immune system and the body’s defences (4). The active substance in turmeric extract is curcumin, which boosts the health of immune cells by improving their cell membrane (5). Garlic extract provides the body with substances with strong antibacterial and antiviral properties. An interesting fact – viruses never adapt to the active compounds in garlic! This is extremely important today, when medicine often falls short in the face of viruses.

LYL immunUP® also contains the most effective species of Echinacea for fighting rhinoviruses – Echinacea Purpurea. People using Echinacea catch colds an average of 65% less often and are ill for shorter periods of time. This plant extract also helps, when the first symptoms of illness have already appeared. (1) Therefore, by starting to use LYL immunUP® as soon as possible, you can reduce the duration of your cold, as well as the severity of the symptoms.

Based on the results (2) of 93 studies, natural vitamin C from acerola cherries was also included in the LYL immunUP® formula. The minerals, vitamins and biologically active substances found in the acerola extract help the body use vitamin C efficiently (3). Prophylactic use of vitamin C reduces the duration and severity of cold symptoms. Furthermore, supplementation of vitamin C is recommended for people who are temporarily subject to intense physical activity. (2) Studies have shown vitamin C to have a synergetic effect with Echinacea. A group of subjects taking vitamin C together with biologically active compounds from Echinacea and propolis, experienced 55% less episodes of illness. On the individual level incidence was also by 50% lower, as was the number of sick days - 62%.

LYL immunUP®, the strongest complex in Latvia for immunity and respiratory health, has been created with the aim to protect against all on-coming viruses and colds, for preventive use, as well as in case of falling ill.

 

1. Yun-Gyoung, H, Yungdae, Y, Jonghwa, W. Rosmarinic Acid Induces p56lck-Dependent Apoptosis in Jurkat and Peripheral T Cells via Mitochondrial Pathway Independent from Fas/Fas Ligand Interaction. The Journal of ImmunologyJanuary 1, 2004vol. 172 no. 1 79-87

2. Chang JS, Wang KC, et al. Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Jan 9;145(1):146-51.

3. Birgit Schittek, B., Hpfel, R., et al. Dermcidin: a novel human antibiotic peptide secreted by sweat glands. Nature Immunology , 2001, 1133 - 1137

4. Wilczak, J, M. Łój, M., et al. The influence of hydrolyzed and non-hydrolyzed linden inflorescence (Tilia cordata) extract on metabolic and transcriptomic profile in rat liver. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013, 63–69

5. Barry J. Fritz M, et al. Determining the effects of lipophilic drugs on membrane structure by solid-state NMR spectroscopy: the case of the antioxidant curcumin. J Am Chem Soc.2009 Apr 1;131(12):4490-8.

 

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Our skin and mucous membranes, and even tears, contain substances that fight microbes! What can we do to help even more?

We add garlic and ginger when cooking because of their characteristic aroma and sharp taste. Rosemary – just crush it between your fingers to release the aroma of Italian cuisine! Turmeric – its bright yellow shade lends any food a touch of sunshine. Have you ever wondered why plants need this diversity of colour, aroma and taste? The tiny components that give these plants their characteristic aroma, taste and colour also form their immune system and perform protective functions by attracting necessary insects, repelling pests, protecting against bacteria and viruses, helping restore themselves, stimulating growth. But that is not all – plants also contain large amounts of antimicrobial peptides, a.k.a. natural antibiotics, which keep the plant healthy. These are found in the roots, seeds, flowers, leaves and stems of plants. Due to the large amount of antimicrobial substances, plants are extremely popular and valuable in medical treatment.

A frog’s skin contains more than 300 antimicrobial substances. How much are there in human skin?

By including plant extracts in the diet, the human body also attains additional protection against various pathogens – viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, single-cell organisms (1). Plant extracts provide the body with various antimicrobial substances, whilst also boosting its ability to synthesise antimicrobial substances on its own and promoting the activity of other immune cells. (2)

In the human body, antimicrobial peptides are concentrated in the skin and mucous membranes – anywhere, where they are in contact with the air. It is hard to imagine that our skin, the mucous membranes in our mouths, throat, eyes, lungs and gastrointestinal tract, and even our tears contain chemical compounds that fight microbes, including nearly 200 upper respiratory viruses! There are more than 20 different antimicrobial substances (3), whose main task is to destroy microbes before they cause the first symptoms (4)! If you maintain a varied diet and use non-abrasive soaps and lotions, your skin and mucous membranes will be covered in these potent antimicrobial substances. 

Mucous membranes in the throat that microbes will want to avoid

There are seven substances that can be obtained from food, which especially boost the amount of antimicrobial substances in the skin and respiratory mucous membranes.

The reason why turmeric root is included in nearly all food in India is that it protects the body against infections. This bright yellow substance promotes the production of antimicrobial peptides in human skin and mucous membranes. Interestingly, this property of turmeric was proved in a Western European laboratory only 3 years ago, whereas Indians have been using it for ages precisely due to its antibacterial properties.

Rosemary extract which gives Italian cuisine its aroma and serves as a symbol of love, friendship and devotion for the Italians, improves respiratory health (5).

After using ginger extract, the upper respiratory tract produces more interferon, which is a protein with antiviral properties (6). Ginger also promotes sweating, while sweat contains dermcidin, a substance discovered by German scientists, that protects against infections (7). Linden extract contains bioflavonoids, including quercetin, kaempferol, tiliroside, which are beneficial for the immune system and the body’s defences (8). 

Garlic extract provides the body with substances with strong antibacterial and antiviral properties. An interesting fact – viruses never adapt to the active compounds in garlic! This is extremely important today, when medicine often falls short in the face of viruses. Garlic also has anti-inflammatory properties – it blocks enzymes that allow the body to damage its own tissue.

In turn, the extract from acerola cherries is the richest source of vitamin C found in nature. Prophylactic use of vitamin C reduces the duration and severity of cold symptoms. Furthermore, supplementation of vitamin C is recommended for people who are temporarily subject to intense physical activity (9). Studies have shown vitamin C to have a synergetic effect with Echinacea. 

Echinacea has a calming and nourishing effect on the mucous membranes in the throat, respiratory tract, vocal cords, and it reduces itching in the throat. People using Echinacea have been found to have a higher content of antibacterial substances in their saliva (10).

How to best avoid falling ill, relieve symptoms and recover faster?     

When it comes to the many components of the human immune system, one substance alone cannot win the fight! For something to be useful for immunity, it has to contain a large compilation of substances!

The new dietary supplement LYL immunUP® is the only immunity-boosting complex in Latvia combining 7 plant extracts with 6 vitamins and 4 minerals necessary for immunity. 17 substances, some of which are needed for the production and functioning of immune cells, while others protect immune cells from destruction and especially boost the health of the skin and mucous membranes.

It is this diverse formula that sets LYL immunUP® apart from all other immunity-boosting products available, as it is suitable for relieving symptoms and speeding up recovery, as well as providing preventive long-term support for the immune system. Extracts of linden, garlic, acerola cherries, Echinacea, rosemary, turmeric and ginger, vitamins D3, B6, B9, B12 and natural vitamin C, zinc, copper, selenium and iron – theses 17 active compounds reduce the risk of catching a cold, and, at the first symptoms of a cold, help the body in dealing with the virus easier and faster. Furthermore, the substances are contained in doses that do not supress the immune system. LYL immunUP® - the most consolidated and diverse formula for immunity in Latvia! 

 

1. Montesinos E. Antimicrobial peptides and plant disease control. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007 May;270(1):1-11. Epub 2007 Mar 16.

2. Sultan MT, Butt MS, Qayyum MM, Suleria HA. Immunity: plants as effective mediators. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(10):1298-308.

3. Schauber J., Gallo RL. Antimicrobial peptides and the skin immune defense system. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Aug;122(2):261-6.

4. Ali Adem Bahar, Dacheng Ren. Antimicrobial Peptides. Pharmaceuticals 2013, 6(12), 1543-1575

5. Yun-Gyoung Hur, Yungdae Yun and Jonghwa Won. Rosmarinic Acid Induces p56lck-Dependent Apoptosis in Jurkat and Peripheral T Cells via Mitochondrial Pathway Independent from Fas/Fas Ligand Interaction. The Journal of Immunology. January 1, 2004vol. 172 no. 1 79-87

6. Chang JS, Wang KC, et al. Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Jan 9;145(1):146-51.

7. Birgit Schittek, Rainer Hipfel, Birgit Sauer, et al. Dermcidin: a novel human antibiotic peptide secreted by sweat glands. Nature Immunology , 2001, 1133 - 1137

8. J. Wilczak, M. Łój, A. Prostek, D. Kamola, H. Kosińska, and M. Jank The influence of hydrolyzed and non-hydrolyzed linden inflorescence (Tilia cordata) extract on metabolic and transcriptomic profile in rat liver. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013, 63–69

9. Hemilae H, Chalker E. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD000980.

10. Evaluation of echinacea for the prevention and treatment of the common cold: a meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Diseases: July, 2007

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